First aid is an important aspect of child care as it takes time for an ambulance or doctor to arrive to attend to an emergency. By giving first aid, you may save the child’s life or help to alleviate further pain.
One of the most dangerous accidents that can happen to a child is choking. A child chokes when something is blocking the airway. Start abdominal thrusts immediately if the child can’t breathe, is unable to talk or make noise or turning blue. Don’t attempt to reach into the mouth to grab the object as it may be pushed even deeper. A lesson on how to perform abdominal thrust, also known as Heimlich Manoeuvre is a must for every parent.
Always seek medical attention for any eye injury. In the meantime, do not let the child rub his eye. To remove any foreign object, lift the upper eyelid and flush with warm water gently poured from a pitcher.
ABRASIONS AND SCRAPES
Wash the area thoroughly with warm water. Remove any foreign objects that may be embedded in the wound and apply antiseptic.
If a kid has sustained a neck injury, do not attempt to move him. Call an ambulance immediately. If it is necessary to move the child from danger, he must be immobilized first.
Vigorous nose blowing may cause a nosebleed. Ask the child to sit on a chair and lean slightly forward. Gently pinch the soft part of the nose for 10 minutes. If bleeding does not stop, insert a small piece of cotton into the nostrils and resume pinching.
Wrap crushed ice in a cloth bag. Apply the bag on and off for 20 minutes.
A fracture means a bone has been broken — it can be a single break or multiple breaks. Symptoms are intense pain and a limb that is out of shape. Immobilize the area by padding it and sandwiching it between two hard surfaces. Get the child to a doctor immediately.
A burn can be caused by steam, hot liquid or fire. It can be first-degree (characterized by redness and mild swelling), second degree (blisters forming) or third degree. In first-degree burns, flush the area with cool running water. Use a cold compress (not ice) on the area for five minutes. For second- and third-degree burns, medical attention is mandatory.
Control the bleeding by applying pressure on the wound. If possible, lift the wound above the level of the heart. Clean the wound and apply antiseptic cream. In deep cuts, do not attempt to clean the wound or remove deeply-lodged debris. Get the child to a doctor immediately.