Many women follow a proper diet only when they are pregnant but it may be too late. The University of Aarhus in Denmark has conducted a study showing that poor maternal diet even before pregnancy can result in offsprings being born with reduced birth weight and higher risk of developing type II diabetes. In the experiment, mice were fed a low protein diet for ten weeks before conception, but a normal diet during pregnancy. Surprisingly, the mice gave birth to offsprings with lower birth weights and increased insulin sensitivity. According to Dr. Anete Dudele of the University of Aarhus, since humans and mice respond in the same way to poor diet, it becomes imperative for women to take a healthy diet even before conception. The results of the study were presented at the Society for Experimental Biology Annual Conference in July, 2011 in Glasgow.